Hickory Trees In New Mexico: Native & Non Native

New Mexico is home to a few species of hickory trees, hardy deciduous trees that produce edible nuts.

The arid climate of New Mexico provides suitable growing conditions for certain hickory varieties that also thrive in neighboring regions of the southern United States and Mexico.

The most common hickory trees found in New Mexico are:

Hickory Trees In New Mexico

Key Takeaways

  • Pecan and Mexican hickory trees are the two main species found in New Mexico.
  • Pecan hickory produces large, sweet nuts and prefers growing near rivers and streams.
  • Mexican hickory produces small, sweet nuts and thrives in drier areas.
  • Both trees have gray bark that changes texture with age, and long narrow leaves with serrated edges.
  • Other less common hickory species may also grow in certain New Mexico habitats.
  • Hickory trees provide food, habitat, wood products, and ecosystem services in New Mexico.
  • Protecting native hickory trees is important for maintaining natural ecosystems in the state.

1. Pecan Hickory

The pecan hickory is common across the southern states and Mexico.

It has gray bark that starts off smooth but becomes coarser and scaly as the tree ages.

Pecan hickory leaves are long and narrow with serrated edges.

This species produces large, sweet pecan nuts that are popular for eating and baking.

Pecan hickories prefer growing near rivers and streams in New Mexico.

2. Mexican Hickory

The Mexican hickory is native to Mexico and the American Southwest, including New Mexico.

Like the pecan hickory, it has gray bark that changes texture as it matures. The leaves are slender with toothed edges.

The Mexican hickory produces small, sweet edible nuts. This variety of hickory thrives in drier areas of New Mexico.

Other Hickory Species

While pecan and Mexican are the most widespread hickory trees in New Mexico, there may be other hickory species present but less common in the state.

Botanical surveys would need to be conducted to confirm any additional hickory tree varieties growing in certain New Mexico habitats.

Hickory trees provide food and habitat for wildlife.

Their hard wood is also valued for making tools and furniture.

Protecting these iconic trees will be important for preserving New Mexico's natural ecosystems.

Before You Go

If your looking to buy oak trees or any other type of tree, I highly recommend NatureHills.com.

They always have sales and discounted nursery stock and are well worth your time to check out.

Wyatt Keith

Wyatt is a hickory tree expert with 25 years of experience studying and working with these majestic trees. Wyatt has worked on various research projects and has conducted extensive field work, studying the growth and behavior of hickory trees in different regions of the country. In addition to his research, he has also worked with landowners and land managers to help them properly care for and manage their hickory trees. Wyatt is passionate about sharing his knowledge and expertise with others, and he frequently gives talks and presentations on hickory trees to various audiences.

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