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4 Types Of Hickory Trees In Michigan

Hickory trees are a popular choice for Michigan homeowners because of their beautiful leaves and strong wood. But did you know that there are actually four different types of hickory trees in Michigan?

In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at each type of hickory tree and what makes it unique.

1. Pignut Hickory

Pignut hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Michigan. This tree is known for its hard wood and its ability to produce nuts that are edible for humans and animals alike. The pignut hickory grows to be about 50 to 80 feet tall and has a lifespan of around 100 years.

The nuts produced by this tree are small, round and have a bitter taste. Although the nuts are not typically consumed by humans, they are often eaten by squirrels, birds and other small animals.

2. Shagbark Hickory

The shagbark hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Michigan. This tree is known for its distinctive bark, which is shaggy and peels away in thin strips. The shagbark hickory is also a large tree, reaching up to 100 feet tall. The nuts of this tree are edible and have a sweet flavor.

The shagbark hickory is a valuable tree for both humans and wildlife. The wood of this tree is hard and dense, making it ideal for use in construction and furniture-making.

The nuts of the shagbark hickory are an important food source for many animals, including squirrels, chipmunks, birds, and even bears. This tree provides shelter and homes for many different types of wildlife.

The shagbark hickory is an important part of the ecosystem in Michigan. This tree helps to stabilize the soil, prevent erosion, and provide habitat for many different species of plants and animals.

If you see a shagbark hickory while you’re out hiking or camping in Michigan, take a moment to appreciate this magnificent tree!

3. Bitternut Hickory

The bitternut hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Michigan. This tree is characterized by its large, round nuts that have a bitter taste. The bitternut hickory is often used as a food source for wildlife, as the nuts are high in fat and protein.

This tree is also sometimes used for woodworking projects, as the wood is strong and durable.

The bitternut hickory grows to be about 50-60 feet tall and has a trunk that is 2-3 feet in diameter. The leaves of this tree are alternate, compound, and have 7-9 leaflets. The flowers of the bitternut hickory are yellowish-green and appear in April or May.

The fruits of this tree are large, round nuts that ripen in September or October.

If you are looking for a type of hickory tree to add to your landscape, the bitternut hickory is a good option. This tree is relatively easy to care for and can provide food and shelter for wildlife.

4. Shellbark Hickory

The shellbark hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Michigan. This tree is known for its large, edible nuts and its hardwood timber. The shellbark hickory can grow to be up to 100 feet tall and has a lifespan of around 200 years.

The nuts of this tree are popular with wildlife, and the wood is often used in the construction of furniture and cabinetry.


In Michigan, there are four types of hickory trees: pignut, shagbark, bitternut, and shellbark. Each type of hickory tree has its own unique features, and all of them provide benefits to the state of Michigan.

If you’re ever in Michigan, be sure to check out these four types of hickory trees!

Wyatt Keith

Wyatt is a hickory tree expert with 25 years of experience studying and working with these majestic trees. Wyatt has worked on various research projects and has conducted extensive field work, studying the growth and behavior of hickory trees in different regions of the country. In addition to his research, he has also worked with landowners and land managers to help them properly care for and manage their hickory trees. Wyatt is passionate about sharing his knowledge and expertise with others, and he frequently gives talks and presentations on hickory trees to various audiences.

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