There are 6 types of hickory trees in Indiana that are native to the state. These trees are the shagbark hickory, bitternut hickory, mockernut hickory, pignut hickory, red hickory, and black hickory.
1. Shagbark Hickory
There are six different types of hickory trees in Indiana, and the shagbark hickory is one of them. This type of hickory tree is known for its unique bark, which is made up of long, thin strips that hang down from the branches.
The shagbark hickory is a medium to large sized tree that can grow up to 100 feet tall. The leaves of this tree are oval shaped and have serrated edges. The shagbark hickory tree produces edible nuts that are encased in a thick shell.
These nuts can be used for making flour or for feeding wildlife.
2. Bitternut Hickory
The bitternut hickory is a type of hickory tree that can be found in Indiana. This tree is known for its strong wood, which makes it a popular choice for construction and other uses.
The bitternut hickory is also a good source of food for wildlife, including squirrels, deer, and birds.
3. Mockernut Hickory
The mockernut hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Indiana. This large tree can grow up to 100 feet tall and has a trunk that is typically two to three feet in diameter. The leaves of the mockernut hickory are oblong-shaped and have serrated edges.
The bark of this tree is smooth and light-colored when it is young, but it becomes dark and rough as the tree ages. The nuts of the mockernut hickory are enclosed in a thick shell that is difficult to crack open.
The mockernut hickory tree is an important food source for many animals, including squirrels, deer, and birds. The nuts of this tree are high in fat and protein, making them an excellent source of energy for these animals.
The wood of the mockernut hickory is also very strong and dense, making it a popular choice for firewood and lumber.
4. Pignut Hickory
The pignut hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Indiana. This tree is characterized by its short, stout trunk and its round, mottled nuts. The pignut hickory is a relatively small tree, reaching a height of only 20-30 feet.
This tree is often found in woodlands and forest edges.
The pignut hickory produces edible nuts that are favored by squirrels and other animals. These nuts can also be used for human consumption, although they are not as popular as some of the other types of hickory nuts.
The pignut hickory is also used for timber production. The wood of this tree is hard and strong, making it ideal for use in furniture and flooring.
If you are looking for a type of hickory tree to plant in your Indiana home, the pignut hickory is a good option. This tree is relatively easy to care for and can provide you with edible nuts and beautiful timber.
5. Red Hickory
The red hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Indiana. This tree is known for its strong wood, which is used in many different applications. The red hickory is also a popular choice for use as a firewood.
This tree grows to a height of around 50 feet and has a reddish-brown bark. The leaves of the red hickory are oval-shaped and have serrated edges. The flowers of this tree are yellowish-green and grow in clusters.
The fruit of the red hickory is a nut that is encased in a thin shell.
6. Black Hickory
The black hickory is a type of hickory tree that is native to Indiana. This tree is known for its strong, hard wood, which makes it a popular choice for furniture and lumber. The black hickory can grow to be up to 100 feet tall and has a lifespan of around 50 years.
This tree gets its name from the dark color of its bark, which is caused by a thick layer of tannin. The black hickory's leaves are alternate and compound, with each leaf having 5-9 leaflets. The tree's nuts are edible and have a sweet taste, making them popular with wildlife.
If you're looking for a durable hardwood for your next project, consider the black hickory. This tree is sure to add strength and character to whatever you're working on!